Does America Owe Reparations?
Johnny Cochran and a group of successful trial lawyers plan to bring class action suits against the federal government and some private companies they say profited from slavery. Representative John Conyers (D.MI) has already introduced HR 40 titled "Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act." HR 40 has forty-eight co-sponsors and a number of them, such as Traficant and Nadler, are white.
Slavery was a gross violation of human rights. Justice would demand that slave owners make compensatory reparation payments to slaves. Since both slaves and slave owners are no longer with us, compensation is beyond our reach.
Absent from the reparations debate is who pays? Don't say the government because the government doesn't have any money that it doesn't first take from some American. So which Americans owe black people what? Reparations advocates don't want that question asked but let's you and I.
Are the millions of Europeans, Asian, and Latin Americans who immigrated to the U.S. in the 20th century responsible for slavery and should they be forced to cough up reparations money? What about descendants of northern whites who fought and died in the name of freeing slaves? Should they cough up reparations money for black Americans? What about non-slave-owning southern whites, a majority of whites; should they be made to pay reparations?
On black people's side of the ledger, thorny issues also arise. Some blacks purchased other blacks as a means to free family members. But other blacks owned slaves for the same reason whites owned slaves - to work farms or plantations. Are descendants of these blacks eligible and deserving of reparations? There is no way that Europeans could have captured millions of Africans. They had African and Arab help. Should Congressman Conyers haul representatives of Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Muslim states before Congress and demand they pay reparations? By the way, is there anyone prepared to make the argument that blacks in America today would be better off if they were in Africa? If blacks wouldn't be better off, then why the reparations?
Reparations advocates make the foolish unchallenged pronouncement that United States became rich on the backs of free black labor. That's utter nonsense. Slavery doesn't have a very good record of producing wealth. Think about it. Slavery was all over the South and outlawed in most of the North. Buying into the reparations nonsense, the anti-bellum South was rich and the slave-starved North was poor. The truth is just the opposite. In fact, the poorest states and regions of our country were places where slavery flourished: Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia while the richest states and regions were those where slavery was absent: Pennsylvania, New York and Massachusetts.
The reparations movement would be little more than an amusing side show were it not for the damage it can do to blacks. It misallocates time and resources that could be more fruitfully spent elsewhere. There's a growing black-owned and operated private school movement that addresses the fraudulent education of the public school system. Resources of the reparations movement could be used to add more private schools. High-powered reparations lawyers could use their legal skills to make court challenges of numerous state and local monopolistic regulations that stop people from getting into business, such as taxi licensing laws, cosmetology regulations, restrictions on jitney and limousine operations. I'd like to see lawyers bring class action suits against public school systems in cities like Philadelphia, Washington, Detroit and New York for producing fraudulent education - certifying youngsters as high school graduates when those youngsters can't perform at seventh and eighth grade levels.
There's a reparations issue completely ignored: blacks as well as whites live on land taken, sometimes brutally, from Indians. Do we blacks owe Indians anything?
Walter E. Williams
January 1, 2001
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