Welcome to the
Voter Registration Studies Homepage


Langbert, Quain, and Klein study (2016): 

Faculty Voter Registration in Economics, History, Journalism, Law, and Psychology, Econ Journal Watch, Sept. 2016 


We investigate the voter registration of faculty at 40 leading U.S. universities in the fields of Economics, History, Journalism/Communications, Law, and Psychology. We looked up 7,243 professors and found 3,623 to be registered Democratic and 314 Republican, for an overall D:R ratio of 11.5:1. The D:R ratios for the five fields were: Economics 4.5:1, History 33.5:1, Journalism/Communications 20.0:1, Law 8.6:1, and Psychology 17.4:1. The results indicate that D:R ratios have increased since 2004, and the age profile suggests that in the future they will be even higher. We provide a breakdown by department at each university. The data support the established finding that D:R ratios are highest at the apex of disciplinary pyramids, that is, at the most prestigious departments. We also examine how D:R ratios vary by gender and by region. People interested in ideological diversity or concerned about the errors of leftist outlooks—including students, parents, donors, and taxpayers—might find our results deeply troubling.



Cardiff and Klein study: 

The following Cardiff and Klein article appearing in Critical Reivew is the latest on voter-registration investigations of faculty partisanship. (It pretty much subsumes the Klein and Western study of Berkeley and Stanford.) 

Christopher F. Cardiff and Daniel B. Klein:

Faculty Partisan Affiliation in All Disciplines: A Voter-Registration Study
Critical Review: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Politics and Society, Vol 17, Nos. 3-4, (dated 2005, though actually appeared June 2006). Erratum: In the printed version (Table 6, 252), Asst and Assoc Prof D:R ratios were transposed in the case of Berkeley and Stanford. That is, the D:R for Assoc at Berkeley should be 64.0, not 30.0, and likewise for Stanford. The correction is made in the linked Excel sheet below.

Link to master Excel file (names redacted, with correction noted immediately above)

Abstract of Cardiff and Klein: The party registration of tenure-track faculty at 11 California universities, ranging from small, private, religious-affiliated institutions to large, public, elite schools, shows that the “one-party campus” conjecture does not extend to all institutions or all departments.  At one end of the scale, U.C. Berkeley has an adjusted Democrat:Republican ratio of almost 9.1, while Pepperdine University has a ratio of nearly 1:1.  Academic discipline also makes a tremendous difference, with the humanities averaging a 10:1 D:R ratio and business schools averaging 1.3:1, and with departments ranging from sociology (44:1) to management (1.5:1).  Across all departments and institutions, the D:R ratio is 5:1, while, in the “soft” liberal-arts fields, the ratio is higher than 8:1.  These results are generally in line with previous studies. 

- - - -

In the same issue, Critical Review published the latest, greatest article on the Klein-Stern policy-views/voting survey of six scholarly disciplines. It is here.

- - - -

Here is material on Klein-Western, which, again, really is superceded by Cardiff-Klein:

(Link to pdf below)

Links to materials: 

Pdf link to the complete academic working paper, to appear in Academic Questions:

How Many Democrats per Republican at UC-Berkeley and Stanford? Voter Registration Data across 23 Academic Departments 
By Daniel B. Klein and Andrew Western

Related work by Daniel Klein and coauthors:

Professors and Their Politics: The Policy Views of Social Scientists by Daniel B. Klein and Charlotta Stern, Critical Review.

Sociology and Classical Liberalism by Daniel B. Klein and Charlotta Stern, The Independent Review

How Politically Diverse Are the Social Sciences and Humanities? Survey Evidence from Six Fields 
by Daniel B. Klein and Charlotta Stern, Academic Questions

Groupthink in Academia: Majoritarian Departmental Politics and the Professional Pyramid -- This piece adapts groupthink theory to the setting of academia. Focusing especially on the micro mechanism of majoritarian departmental politics and the more macro cultural mechanism of the disciplinary pyramid, it offers a theory of how a bad worldview, once it reached a tipping point, could tend toward domination of the academic discipline and get locked-in. It was written for the 2009 AEI volume The Politically Correct University and reprinted in The Independent Review.

By the Numbers: The Ideological Profile of Professors, in the 2009 AEI volume The Politically Correct University. The paper reviews all the data up to 2008 about professoriate ideology.

Is There A Free-Market Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 2007.

Embarrassed as a Non-Left Professor? Society, 2010.

The Social Science Citation Index: A Black Box—with an Ideological Bias?
by Daniel B. Klein with Eric Chiang, Econ Journal Watch, 2004.

Institutional Ties of Journal of Development Economics Authors and Editors
by Daniel B. Klein with Therese DiCola, Econ Journal Watch, 2004.

The PhD Circle in Academic Economics
by Daniel B. Klein, Econ Journal Watch, 2005.

Sense and Sensibilities: Myrdal's Plea for Self-Disclosure and Some Disclosures about AEA Members by Daniel B. Klein, Econ Journal Watch, 2006.

Long reply to Zipp and Fenwick's POQ article, Society 2008.

Review of Rothman, Woessner, and Kelly-Woessner book.


Daniel Klein’s Personal Homepage